Many children and young persons need transport to and from school, but can this be described as special educational provision and therefore be included in section F of an Education Health and Care plan (“EHCp”) in order to meet a clearly identified and related need in section B?

Yes, according to Upper Tribunal Judge Levenson in Birmingham City Council v KF

A young person named Karen, who had a number of impairments, had difficulty getting to college such that her attendance had been patchy. The LA issued an EHCp and there was considerable disagreement over content. An appeal was presented to the First-tier Tribunal but by the time the appeal was heard, the only outstanding matter was the issue of Karen’s assistance with transport.

The First-tier Tribunal recognised Karen’s transport related needs and ordered that the following be included in section F of Karen’s EHCp:

“Transport to be provided for [Karen] to secure her attendance at college until the end of the Autumn term to allow an assessment of her transport needs to be concluded. Thereafter, appropriate support to assist [Karen] to become an independent traveller and reduce her anxiety so that she can access public transport without assistance”

The LA appealed asserting that transport could not be special educational provision. The Upper Tribunal did not agree and pointed to s21 The Children and Families Act 2014 which states “Special educational provision… for a child aged two or more or a young person, means educational or training provision..”. Hence, if any provision, including transport, educates or trains a child or young person, it can be defined and special educational provision.

This is an interesting case which parents, young persons and advocates should be mindful of when considering the issue of transport. Too often the issue of transport is overlooked when considering educating and training, hence it can be a missed opportunity.

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